The Enduimet Wildlife Management Area (EWMA) covers xxxsq of land, of which 86% has been set aside as a conservation area. The EWMA is in Longido district near the Tanzania-Kenya border and surrounded by most renowned conservation areas including Amboseli national reserve, Kilimanjaro and Arusha national parks and the Natron Wildlife Management Area. The Enduimet WMA is as an important migratory route and dispersal area for many animals including the African elephant.
One of the main routes for wildlife is the Kitendeni wildlife corridor which lies to the east of the EMWA and provides passage for wildlfire to move between Amboseli National Park and Kilimanjaro National Park. It remains the only corridor that connects the Kilimanjaro ecosystem to additional ecosystems after other corridor to Tsavo West national park, Arusha national park , Meru forest reserve and Mkomazi national park have been blocked.
The semi-arid climate and low rain fall throughout the west- Kilimanjaro basin is the result of the mountains rain shadow. Although rainfall and temperatures vary between and within Enduimet division, precipitation is limited to 300-600mm annually. The region has two rainy seasons, which lasts from November to December and March to May with the driest period from August to October. Vegetation is typical of semi-arid east Africa savannah, it is primarily comprised of mixed acacia woodlands, including acacia Commiphora brushland, Acacia Tortilis savannah and Sporobulus short grass plains.
Enduimet division has a population of approximately 17,000 people with a total of 2,615 households in Ol Molong ward and 1,060 horsehide in Tinga Tinga wards. The dominant ethnic group is the Likisongo Maasai, but on the more heavily cultivated lands, the area also includes a large number of WaArusha, WaChagga, WaPare and WaMeru. Land use is thereby dominated by pastoralism, although most people in Enduimet practice a combination of agriculture and livestock herding.
The Enduimet WMA receives an average of Tsh, 160,000,000 per year, mainly from Photographic tourism activities i.e Commercial Photographing, wildlife activities/walking safaris, game viewing as well as a share from Tourist Hunting.
- 2012- 149,100,000
- 2011- 164,500,000
- 2010- 78,000,000
- 2009- 48,100,000
- 2008- 22,700,000
- 2007- 13,300,ooo
Of the Total Annual Gross Revenue Collected by the EWMA, 50% is directed to Member Villages and is thus divided equally to all the 9 Villages forming the WMA25% is used to strengthen the Authorised Association and therefore used for administration expenses and related running costs, 15% is re-invested for resource development and particularly used for conservation activities, the 10% is allocated as ‘Education Fund’ and is used to support students of the most poor families pay school fees and other schooling expenses.
The nine villages constituting The Enduimet Wildlife Management Area, has about 9000 households with about 40,000 people.
Through the funds (dividend/share) received from the WMA , the villages help finance development projects at their village level. Villages finances water projects eg construction of wells/dams, renovation and construction of Teachers houses, clinics and also help support payment of school fees to students from the most poor families in the village.
The EWMA currently has 60 employees this include the EWMA management Staff , field assistants/Drivers and Village Game Scouts.