The Maasai live in most parts of Enduimet. In spite of their reputation as fierce warriors, Maasai culture revolves around their cattle. They are pastoralists and also live alongside most wild animals and have an aversion to eating wild animals and birds. In Sinya the Maasai cattle and wildlife drink side-by-side from the same water sources; natural catchments and disused Meacham mines full of clear water.
West Kilimanjaro is one of the most beautiful and dramatic landscapes in Tanzania where wildlife and the Maasai have coexisted for centuries. Elephants have followed trails across Sinya to the heights of Kilimanjaro and back to the swamps of Amboseli for hundreds and thousands of years. The Maasai are a free spirited and semi-nomadic people, in which heads of cattle count as wealth. Agricultural and wildlife conflicts concerning crop protection hardly exist and often as not the Maasai and wildlife coexist relatively easily. Conflict with wildlife is nearly always concerning water but Chief Olnjoro explained how permanent sources are often found following elephants, who use acute sense and their tusks to dig down to underground ravines.
In the course of time, some Maasai men have moved away from a nomadic life to positions in commerce and government yet despite the sophisticated urban lifestyle they may lead, there are occasions when they head homewards dressed in designer clothes, only to emerge from the traditional family homestead wearing a shuka (colourful piece of cloth), cow hide sandals and carrying a wooden club (o-rinka) – at ease with themselves.