Communities who live amongst wildlife, even if they actively conserve their area, will unavoidably come into conflict; wildlife will raid crops and in a single night a farm can lose a year’s supply of food, lions and hyena steal livestock, elephants kill people and poachers kill elephants. This is human wildlife conflict.
Any community based wildlife management program needs an effective and understanding force that responds to these conflicts. The community rangers who are born and brought up in the area know every gully, river, shady spot, grassy patch as well as knowing all the families living in the area; the children, their parents, and their grandparents, are usually trusted to deal with all human wildlife interactions. This can involve chasing wildlife off farmland, helping with negotiations when a lion has killed a cow; tracking down cattle rustlers, and anti poaching.
It is the job of the community rangers to both protect the wildlife and natural resources and help the community; sometimes in difficult conflicting situations. How community rangers behave and interact with the local community helps to determine how the community trusts the management, believe in and support conservation.