What is a WMA?
The establishment of wildlife management areas [WMA] is provided for in the Tanzania community based conservation through involvement of rural communities and other stakeholders in taking joint responsibility for and investing in the sustainable management of wildlife and other natural resources. The other function of WMA will be to devolve use rights for wildlife to local communities so that they can capture the resource’s economic benefits such as revenues from tourist related investments, tourist hunting. Hypothetically, therefore, what makes WMA different from previous conservation efforts in Tanzania is that community management and conservation of wildlife, most of the revenue is supposed to channel back to the local people [Minwary, 2009]. The main purpose of WMAs, much like other to community –based wildlife conservation efforts, is to conserve wildlife alongside generating tangible economic and financial benefits through the tourism sector [Mkumbukwa 2008].
The government put in place the wildlife conservation [wildlife management areas] regulations of 2002 and the guidelines for designation and management of wildlife management areas of 2002 to support the implementation of the wildlife management areas] Regulations of 2002 requires the aspiring WMA to prepare a general management plan [GMP] or a resources zone management plan [RMZP] before an area can be legally declared a WMA. However, a RZMP is an interim measure in the circumstances resources and time not providing for the development of a GMP. The development of a plan will ensure that wildlife resources are managed in a sustainable manner and that the interests of the communities are protected. The Enduimet Authorized Association [EAA] is formed by eight villages [from Enduimet division namely Sinya, Tinga Tinga, Ngereiyani, from Tinga Tinga ward], and Elerai, Ol Molog, Lerangwa, Kitendeni, and Irkaswa [from Ol Molog Ward].